Designing application beyond code: A journey in software architecture

Yannick Lubrano
Yannick Lubrano
Designing application beyond code: A journey in software architecture
Table of Contents
Table of Contents

Lost in Goat Reviews

Ah, the epic adventure of Gizzy the Goat and the software project that took more twists and turns than a Netflix series binged until 3 AM! Let's dive into this colorful saga, where plot twists are as common as app updates on our smartphones.

On a fine Monday, our hero, Gizzy the Goat, a common developer, is bestowed with an epic quest by the PO, a.k.a. the Product Overlord. The mission? Add a new feature to their app as crucial as pizza is to a Friday night. No problem, thinks Gizzy, until he realizes that this "small" feature requires a revamp akin to rebuilding a house of cards in a hurricane. This challenge underscores the unpredictable nature of software development, where a simple request can unveil complex underlying issues.

Gizzy, puzzled, calls a war council with his colleague, the wise (yet sometimes distracted) Goaty. "It's normal," assures Goaty with the serenity of a Zen monk, "we just forgot to plan for that." Like forgetting to put cheese on a pizza, a fundamental mistake. The dialogue that follows, resembling diplomatic negotiations between countries, tackles whether business rules should be centralized or left scattered like breadcrumbs. Gizzy, opting for code duplication to avoid philosophical debates, hopes for a quiet week, illustrating the often reactive rather than proactive approach in software development.

The following week, the PO returns, like a director unhappy with a final cut. "Let's change this business rule," he suggests, triggering a cascade of changes as if changing a lightbulb meant rewiring the whole house. This moment reflects the dynamic and sometimes chaotic nature of project management, where changes can have wide-reaching implications.

Then, the QA a.k.a. Quasi-Apocalypse steps in, finding that the app's performance is as slow as a tortoise in a marathon. On Gizzy's feature, all is well, but with Goaty's, it's chaos. A crisis meeting is convened, resembling more an episode of "Survivor" than a professional gathering, highlighting the critical role of quality assurance and the impact of technical decisions on project outcomes.

After an hour of debate more passionate than a reality TV episode, the verdict is in: the architecture is as flexible as a bar of iron, business rules are scattered like confetti after a party, and the technical choices seem to have been made by a spin of the wheel of fortune. This grand revelation underscores the importance of solid planning, centralized management of business rules, and deliberate technical choices in software development.

Our heroes realize that to navigate the tumultuous sea of software development, they must arm their ship with a solid architecture, a centralization of business rules worthy of a vault, and technical choices as thoughtful as a chess master planning his next move.

And so, Gizzy, and his team embark on the adventure of continuous improvement, armed with their sense of humor and the determination of a cat chasing a laser pointer. Who knows what adventures lie ahead? One thing is certain, they're ready to face the bugs with a smile, a keyboard, and maybe a pizza or two for those long coding nights.

The Crucial Need for Holistic Design

In the dynamic field of software development, the act of balancing efficiency with thoroughness often presents a formidable challenge. This equilibrium is notably tested in the initial stages of project development, particularly in the design of business objects and their lifecycle. While the YAGNI ("You Ain't Gonna Need It") principle cautions against overengineering, a nuanced understanding of its application reveals that comprehensive design is not only beneficial but essential.

Comprehensive design transcends mere preparation, embodying a strategic framework that informs every aspect of development, from workload estimation to goal realization. A holistic vision of an application's functionality and architecture facilitates a deeper understanding of potential bottlenecks, performance issues, and the integration of components within the system. Moreover, this foresight significantly influences the selection of frameworks and libraries, ensuring that technical choices align seamlessly with business objectives.

Recognizing Design Pitfalls

Several indicators suggest a deviation from optimal design practices:

  1. The PR Update Rule: An imbalance in pull requests, characterized by more modifications than additions, often signals underlying design issues.
  2. Code Duplication: Surpassing the ideal code duplication range of 3-5% is indicative of overlooked design principles.
  3. Business Logic Management: A clear sign of design misalignment is either the absence of centralized business objects or their overfragmentation.
  4. Ambiguous Use Cases: Poorly defined use cases hinder effective feature development.
  5. Extended Development Cycles: Increased time for new features frequently traces back to initial design shortcomings.
  6. Overemphasis on Technical Design: Focusing on technical aspects without a solid business foundation invites complexity.
  7. Lack of Business-Driven Tests: Absence of tests for verifying business logic independently of technical implementation suggests a fragmented design philosophy.
  8. Rigid Technological Choices: Preferring specific technologies without considering their compatibility with business needs reveals a narrow approach to design.

Merging Insight with Action

Developers and project managers must engage in meticulous planning that emphasizes both the application's business and technical requirements. Drafting detailed use cases that align closely with business objectives and adopting a modular design philosophy facilitates code reusability and minimizes duplication. Cultivating a culture of continuous review and adaptation, regularly revisiting the design, and integrating business logic tests as a core component of the development process enhances the application's robustness and ensures coherence throughout the development lifecycle.


By acknowledging the pitfalls of inadequate design and adhering to principles that promote clarity, flexibility, and alignment with business objectives, developers can navigate the complexities of modern software projects with confidence. This balanced approach mitigates risks associated with premature coding and paves the way for more efficient, resilient, and successful software solutions.

Have a goat day 🐐

Join the conversation.

Great! Check your inbox and click the link
Great! Next, complete checkout for full access to Goat Review
Welcome back! You've successfully signed in
You've successfully subscribed to Goat Review
Success! Your account is fully activated, you now have access to all content
Success! Your billing info has been updated
Your billing was not updated